Hamadryas baboon (Papio hamadryas) collecting fruit

Egypt, Beni Hassan, Khnumhotep II (Tomb 3), Upper Cemetery, West wall.

Publication

N. Kanawati & L. Evans, Beni Hassan: Volume I: The Tomb of Khnumhotep II (Australian Centre for Egyptology: Reports 36, Aris and Phillips, Oxford, 2014, ISBN: 978-0-85668-846-1), pls. 20b (photograph), 116a, 133, 137 (lineart).

Description

A cheeky hamadryas baboon (Egyptian name: i-an) feeds on figs while it 'helps' a workman to collect the fruit. The hamadryas can be differentiated from representations of other monkey species via its bright pink face and buttocks. The scene was believed to be unique until early 2018 when a similar painting of a baboon 'helper' was uncovered in the newly discovered Old Kingdom tomb of Hetepet at Giza -- thus pre-dating the Beni Hassan example by c. 400 years.

Details

Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, Reign of Amenemhat II (c. 1918-1884 B.C.E.). Egypt, Beni Hassan, Upper Cemetery, Khnumhotep II (Tomb 3), West wall, north of entrance, register 5.. Polychrome paint on limestone (photograph), Tracing Paper (Lineart), SVG. Relief (photograph).

Referencing

Publication

N. Kanawati & L. Evans, Beni Hassan: Volume I: The Tomb of Khnumhotep II (Australian Centre for Egyptology: Reports 36, Aris and Phillips, Oxford, 2014, ISBN: 978-0-85668-846-1), pls. 20b (photograph), 116a, 133, 137 (lineart).

Project Funding

Project funded by the Australian Research Council Discovery Project Scheme: "Measuring meaning in Egyptian art: A new approach to an intractable problem" (DP160102223), held by N. Kanawati (Macquarie University), L. Evans (Macquarie University), A. Woods (Macquarie University) and J. Kamrin (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York); the Department of Ancient History and Faculty of Arts, Macquarie University.

Rights

Photograph by Effy Alexakis, Photowrite. Recorded and published with permission from the Supreme Council of Antiquities. Copyright original photograph owners, used with the Macquarie University license. All rights reserved, no redistribution of images or content from this site without prior permission (or otherwise compatible with Australian Copyright Fair Dealing).

Data Credits

Compiled by Linda Evans and the Beni Hassan Research Group with resources from the Macquarie University Ancient Cultures Research Centre, and the Australian Centre for Egyptology.

Cite This

Linda Evans "Hamadryas baboon (Papio hamadryas) collecting fruit." In The Beni Hassan Visual Dictionary: Khnumhotep II, edited by Alexandra Woods, Brian Ballsun-Stanton, and Nicolle Leary. Sydney: Macquarie University, 2018. https://benihassan.com/exhibition/Kanawati-Evans-BH1-Pl-20b-Beni-Hassan-3-Khnumhotep-II-Chapel-Scene-West-wall-Right-Lower-section-Wall/