View of the Nile Valley from the upper cemetery at Beni Hassan

Egypt, Beni Hassan.
This view of the Nile River and Valley is taken from outside the tomb of Khumhotep II (Tomb 3) in the Upper Cemetery at Beni Hassan, which commands an impressive position overlooking the winding river, rich green fields and probably the local settlement. Although there is very little archaeological evidence for the settlements associated with the Oryx nome (U.E. 16), several tombs at Beni Hassan include inscriptions naming various towns in the region. The tomb of Khnumhotep II (Tomb No. 3) mentions the town of Menat-Khufu, however the exact location of the city is presently unknown. The Oryx-nome appears to have been one of the richest and most economically important provinces in Upper Egypt, and perhaps as a result, explains why the largest and most extensively decorated Old and MIddle Kingdom tombs in the south are found at sites such as Akhmim, Deir el-Gebrawi, Meir, Sheikh Saïd, Deir el-Bersha, Beni Hassan, Zawiyet el-Maiyitin, Kom el-Ahmar and Deshasha (9-20 U.E.).
Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, Reign of Amenemhat II (c. 1918-1884 BCE).
Egypt, Beni Hassan, Upper Cemetery.
Parent Context
Data Credits
Compiled by Alexandra Woods and the Beni Hassan Research Group with resources from the Macquarie University Ancient Cultures Research Centre, and the Australian Centre for Egyptology.
Project Funding
Supported by the Australian Research Council Discovery Project scheme: DP160102223 "Measuring meaning in Egyptian art: A new approach to an intractable problem" held by N. Kanawati (MQ), L. Evans (MQ), A. Woods (MQ) and J. Kamrin (Met), the Macquarie University Department of Ancient History, and the Macquarie University Faculty of Arts.
Original Citation
N. Kanawati & A. Woods Beni Hassan: Art and Daily Life in an Egyptian Province (Supreme Council of Antiquities, Cairo, 2010, ISBN: 978-977-479-792-8). pl. 3 (photograph).
Recorded and published with permission from the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities. Photographs by Effy Alexakis as part of research on site. Copyright Macquarie University 2018. All rights reserved.
Cite this
Alexandra Woods "View of the Nile Valley from the upper cemetery at Beni Hassan ." In The Beni Hassan Visual Dictionary: Khnumhotep II, edited by Alexandra Woods, Brian Ballsun-Stanton, and Nicolle Leary. Sydney: Macquarie University, 2018.