Tomb owner catching birds with a clapnet, a scene from the tomb of Khnumhotep II at Beni Hassan

Egypt, Beni Hassan, Khnumhotep II (Tomb 3), Upper Cemetery, Chapel, East wall.

Publication

N. Kanawati & L. Evans, Beni Hassan: Volume I: The Tomb of Khnumhotep II (Australian Centre for Egyptology: Reports 36, Aris and Phillips, Oxford, 2014, ISBN: 978-0-85668-846-1), pls. 67 (photograph),

Description

The tomb owner catches waterfowl in a clap net. This scene appears amid other scenes of river and marshland activities on the chapel’s east wall . It is located on a central panel above the entrance to the tomb’s shrine. The scene exhibits great artistic merit, as the tomb owner’s involvement in closing the clap net is found only in a limited number of tombs. An abundant variety of birdlife can be found within and around the clap net Waterfowl in a clapnet. The clap net is strung across a waterway. Below the net, a throng of waterfowl swim in the waterway. To the left and right of this flock are two acacia trees (Acacia nilotica), filled with different species of birds.

The tomb owner holds the rope attached to the clap net, preparing to pull it closed Tomb owner operating a clapnet. He is hidden behind a screen of reeds. A horizontal line of hieroglyphs above the scene introduces the tomb owner: jrj-pꜤt ḥꜢtj-Ꜥ jmj-r smjwt jꜢbtjwt Nḥrj sꜢ H̱nmw-ḥtp(.w) jr n BꜢqt nb jmꜢḫ 'the hereditary prince, the count, the overseer of the eastern deserts, Nehri's son, Khnumhotep, born to Baqet, possessor of veneration'.

Khnumhotep II has short hair, a long ceremonial beard, a sash and a short kilt with an apron. He is seated on an ebony chair with lion's legs and no back. The chair is placed on a low platform, which appears to rest on a reed mat. Two men stand behind the tomb owner. The first is his son, Nakht, and the second is an overseer, Baqet. Both are labelled in hieroglyphs. Above the scene, geometric patterns and a ẖkr-frieze fill the ceiling arch. The transliteration and translation is drawn from the primary publication by Kanawati and Evans (2014: 58).

Details

Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, Reign of Amenemhat II (c. 1918-1884 B.C.E.). Egypt, Beni Hassan, Upper Cemetery, Khnumhotep II (Tomb 3), Chapel, East wall, Above doorway, Wall. limestone. Relief or Polychrome Paint.

Referencing

Publication

N. Kanawati & L. Evans, Beni Hassan: Volume I: The Tomb of Khnumhotep II (Australian Centre for Egyptology: Reports 36, Aris and Phillips, Oxford, 2014, ISBN: 978-0-85668-846-1), pls. 67 (photograph),

Project Funding

Project funded by the Australian Research Council Discovery Project Scheme: "Measuring meaning in Egyptian art: A new approach to an intractable problem" (DP160102223), held by N. Kanawati (Macquarie University), L. Evans (Macquarie University), A. Woods (Macquarie University) and J. Kamrin (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York); the Department of Ancient History and Faculty of Arts, Macquarie University.

Rights

Photograph by Effy Alexakis, Photowrite. Recorded and published with permission from the Supreme Council of Antiquities. Copyright original photograph owners, used with the Macquarie University license. All rights reserved, no redistribution of images or content from this site without prior permission (or otherwise compatible with Australian Copyright Fair Dealing).

Data Credits

Compiled by Penelope Blake and the Beni Hassan Research Group with resources from the Macquarie University Ancient Cultures Research Centre, and the Australian Centre for Egyptology.

Cite This

Penelope Blake "Tomb owner catching birds with a clapnet, a scene from the tomb of Khnumhotep II at Beni Hassan ." In The Beni Hassan Visual Dictionary: Khnumhotep II, edited by Alexandra Woods, Brian Ballsun-Stanton, and Nicolle Leary. Sydney: Macquarie University, 2018. https://benihassan.com/dictionary/Khnumhotep+II+Tomb+3/Tomb+owner+catching+birds+with+a+clapnet/