Entrance doorway to shrine, a feature from the tomb of Khnumhotep II at Beni Hassan

Egypt, Beni Hassan, Khnumhotep II (Tomb 3), Upper Cemetery, Chapel, East wall.

Publication

N. Kanawati & L. Evans, Beni Hassan: Volume I: The Tomb of Khnumhotep II (Australian Centre for Egyptology: Reports 36, Aris and Phillips, Oxford, 2014, ISBN: 978-0-85668-846-1), pls. 74 (photograph),

Description

The doorway leading into the shrine is cut into the centre of the chapel's east wall . A broad step 2.77m (North-South) x 0.31m (East-West) x 0.13m high leads up to the threshold. The doorway is defined by two jambs 0.61m wide x 2.77m high and a lintel 2.30m wide x 1.03m high, all projecting 0.04m from the east wall of the chapel and inscribed in incised relief. The entrance to the shrine is located beneath the depiction of Khnumhotep fowling with the clap net (Tomb owner catching birds with a clapnet) and is directly opposite the entrance to the chapel. Below the text on both sides is a representation of the tomb owner seated on an ebony chair with a cushioned low back. He wears a shoulder-length wig, a collar, sash, and a short kilt with an apron, and holds a staff in one hand and a folded cloth in the other.

Lintel: The inscriptions on the lintel are arranged in one vertical line in the centre and four horizontal lines that should be read from the centre outwards.

The vertical line reads: prt-ḫrw t ḥnḳt pꜢwt kꜢw Ꜣpdw šs mnḫw n kꜢ

‘May invocation offerings of bread, beer,cakes, oxen, fowl, alabaster and clothes come forth for the ka of . . .’.

The top line (right) kꜢw Ꜣpdw n kꜢ ḥꜢtj-Ꜥ jmj-r smjwt jꜢbtjwt H̱nmw-ḥtp(.w)

‘oxen and fowl for the ka of the count, the overseer of the eastern deserts, Khnumhotep’;

(left) kꜢw Ꜣpdw n kꜢ jmꜢḫjj ḥꜢtj-Ꜥ H̱nmw-ḥtp(.w)

‘oxen and fowl for the ka of the honoured one, the count, Khnumhotep’.

Line 2 (right) n kꜢ ḥꜢtj-Ꜥ jmj-r ḥmw-nṯr H̱nmw-ḥtp(.w)

‘for the ka of the count, the overseer of priests, Khnumhotep’;

(left) n kꜢ ḥꜢtj-Ꜥ Nḥrj sꜢ H̱nmw-ḥtp(.w)

‘for the ka of the count, Nehri’s son, Khnumhotep’.

Line 3 (right) m ḥb nb n ẖrt-nṯr m wpt rnpt rnpt ꜤꜢt rnpt nḏst

‘in every feast of the necropolis, in the opening of the year and in the great-year and little-year feasts’;

(left) m ḥb Skr sp 2 m r-sṯꜢw

‘in the feast of Sokar, twice, in the necropolis’.

Line 4 (right) jrj-pꜤt ḥꜢtj-Ꜥ ḫtmtj-bjtj smr wꜤtj H̱nmw-ḥtp(.w)

‘the hereditary prince, the count, the sealer of the king of Lower Egypt, the sole companion, Khnumhotep’;

(left) mꜢt n bjtj sḏtj n bjtj r sꜤḥ.f n jmj-r njwt H̱nmw-ḥtp(.w)

‘the proclaimed one of the king of Lower Egypt, the foster child of the king of Lower Egypt, in accordance with his rank of mayor, Khnumhotep’.

South Jamb: ḥtp dj nswt Jnpw tpj ḏw.f dj.f prt-ḫrw t ḥnḳt kꜢw Ꜣpdw pꜢwt n kꜢ n jmꜢḫ(jj) jrj-pꜤt ḥꜢtj-Ꜥ ḥrj-tp jꜢwt ḥwt-nṯr PꜢḫt ḳꜢ [sr.f sw m... ḏsrt?] ḥꜢtj-Ꜥ H̱nmw-ḥtp(.w)

‘An offering which the king gives (to) Anubis who is on his hill, that he may give invocation offerings of bread, beer, oxen, fowl and cakes for the ka of the honoured one, the hereditary prince, the count, the chief of the offices of the temple of Pakhet [whose nobility raised him in the sacred... ?], the count, Khnumhotep’.

North Jamb: ḥtp dj nswt Wsjr nb Ḏdw dj.f prt-ḫrw t ḥnḳt kꜢw Ꜣpdw pꜢwt n jrj-pꜤt ḥꜢtj-Ꜥ ḥrj-tp m jnt nṯrt smꜢt m pr PꜢḫt ḥꜢtj-Ꜥ H̱nmw-ḥtp(.w) jr n BꜢḳt

‘An offering which the king gives (to) Osiris lord of Busiris, that he may give invocation offerings of bread, beer, oxen, fowl and cakes for the hereditary prince, the count, the chief of bringing the clothed goddess in the temple of Pakhet, the count, Khnumhotep, born to Baqet’.

Details

Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, Reign of Amenemhat II (c. 1918-1884 B.C.E.). Egypt, Beni Hassan, Upper Cemetery, Khnumhotep II (Tomb 3), Chapel, East wall, Centre section, Doorway. limestone. Relief or Polychrome Paint.

Referencing

Publication

N. Kanawati & L. Evans, Beni Hassan: Volume I: The Tomb of Khnumhotep II (Australian Centre for Egyptology: Reports 36, Aris and Phillips, Oxford, 2014, ISBN: 978-0-85668-846-1), pls. 74 (photograph),

Project Funding

Project funded by the Australian Research Council Discovery Project Scheme: "Measuring meaning in Egyptian art: A new approach to an intractable problem" (DP160102223), held by N. Kanawati (Macquarie University), L. Evans (Macquarie University), A. Woods (Macquarie University) and J. Kamrin (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York); the Department of Ancient History and Faculty of Arts, Macquarie University.

Rights

Photograph by Effy Alexakis, Photowrite. Recorded and published with permission from the Supreme Council of Antiquities. Copyright original photograph owners, used with the Macquarie University license. All rights reserved, no redistribution of images or content from this site without prior permission (or otherwise compatible with Australian Copyright Fair Dealing).

Data Credits

Compiled by Carly Blair and the Beni Hassan Research Group with resources from the Macquarie University Ancient Cultures Research Centre, and the Australian Centre for Egyptology.

Cite This

Carly Blair "Entrance doorway to shrine, a feature from the tomb of Khnumhotep II at Beni Hassan ." In The Beni Hassan Visual Dictionary: Khnumhotep II, edited by Alexandra Woods, Brian Ballsun-Stanton, and Nicolle Leary. Sydney: Macquarie University, 2018. https://benihassan.com/dictionary/Khnumhotep+II+Tomb+3/Entrance+doorway+to+shrine/