(Auto)biography, lines 71-86, inscription from the tomb of Khnumhotep II at Beni Hassan
The (auto)biography of Khnumhotep II is incised on sunk relief below the coloured dado on the lower part of all four walls of the chapel. The (auto)biography begins on the east wall, north of the shrine and runs anti-clockwise, ending on the east wall, south of the shrine. On the south wall between lines 160 and 161 is a small false door carved in bas-relief False door with torus moulding and cavetto cornice. The inscription reads:
(71-79) jn wj [nswt bjtj Nbw-kꜢw-RꜤ dj Ꜥnḫ] ḏd wꜢs mj RꜤ ḏt [m sꜢ ḥꜢtj-Ꜥ r j]wꜤt ḥḳꜢt jt mwt.j n-ꜤꜢt-n mrr.f mꜢꜤt Jtm pw ḏs.f Nbw-kꜢw-RꜤ dj Ꜥnḫ ḏd wꜢs Ꜣw-jb.f mj RꜤ ḏt dj.n.f wj r ḥꜢtj-[Ꜥ] m rnpt-sp 19 m MnꜤt-Ḫwfw ‘The king of Upper and Lower Egypt, Nebukaure, given life, stability and dominion like Re for ever, brought me, as the son of a count, into the inheritance, which the father of my mother had ruled, inasmuch as he loved justice. He is Atum himself, Nebukaure, given life, stability, dominion and his heart’s joy, like Re for ever. He appointed me to (be) count in year 19 in Menaat-Khufu’.
(79-86) ꜤḥꜤ.n smnḫ.n.j sj ꜤḥꜤ.s ḫprw m ḫt nbt srwḏ.n.j rn n jt.j smnḫ.n.j ḥwwt-kꜢw pr(w) jrjw šms.n.j twwt.j r ḥwt-nṯr smꜢꜤ.n.j n.sn pꜢt.sn t ḥnḳt ḳbḥw jrp snṯr wꜤbt sjp(.w) n ḥm-kꜢ.j ‘Then I advanced it, its wealth being brought about from all sorts of things. I caused the name of my father to flourish. I restored the tomb chapels and the houses thereof. I accompanied my statues to the temple. I presented to them their offerings: bread, beer, libation, wine, incense and meat, assigned to my ka-priest’.
- Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, Reign of Amenemhat II (c. 1918-1884 BCE).
- Egypt, Beni Hassan, Upper Cemetery, Khnumhotep II (Tomb 3), Chapel, North wall, Lower section, Wall.
- Tracing paper.
- Parent Context
- Chapel, Autobiography
- Data Credits
- Compiled by Madeline Jenkins and the Beni Hassan Research Group with resources from the Macquarie University Ancient Cultures Research Centre, and the Australian Centre for Egyptology.
- Project Funding
- Supported by the Australian Research Council Discovery Project scheme: DP160102223 "Measuring meaning in Egyptian art: A new approach to an intractable problem" held by N. Kanawati (MQ), L. Evans (MQ), A. Woods (MQ) and J. Kamrin (Met), the Macquarie University Department of Ancient History, and the Macquarie University Faculty of Arts.
- Original Citation
- N. Kanawati & L. Evans, Beni Hassan: Volume I: The Tomb of Khnumhotep II (Australian Centre for Egyptology: Reports 36, Aris and Phillips, Oxford, 2014, ISBN: 978-0-85668-846-1), 111b (lineart).
- Recorded and published with permission from the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities. Photographs by Effy Alexakis as part of research on site. Copyright Macquarie University 2018. All rights reserved.
- Cite this
- Madeline Jenkins "(Auto)biography, lines 71-86, inscription from the tomb of Khnumhotep II at Beni Hassan ." In The Beni Hassan Visual Dictionary: Khnumhotep II, edited by Alexandra Woods, Brian Ballsun-Stanton, and Nicolle Leary. Sydney: Macquarie University, 2018. https://benihassan.com/dictionary/Khnumhotep+II+Tomb+3/Autobiography+lines+71-86+inscription/lineart/