(Auto)biography, lines 121-133, inscription from the tomb of Khnumhotep II at Beni Hassan

Egypt, Beni Hassan, Khnumhotep II (Tomb 3), Upper Cemetery, Chapel, West wall.

Publication

N. Kanawati & L. Evans, Beni Hassan: Volume I: The Tomb of Khnumhotep II (Australian Centre for Egyptology: Reports 36, Aris and Phillips, Oxford, 2014, ISBN: 978-0-85668-846-1), pls. 10a (photograph),

Description

The (auto)biography of Khnumhotep II is incised on sunk relief below the coloured dado on the lower part of all four walls of the chapel. The (auto)biography begins on the east wall, north of the shrine and runs anti-clockwise, ending on the east wall, south of the shrine. On the south wall between lines 160 and 161 is a small false door carved in bas-relief False door with torus moulding and cavetto cornice. The following transliteration and translation is drawn from the primary publication by Kanawati and Evans (2014: 31-36) and reads as follows:

(121-131) kt ḥswt jrjjt n.j dj.tw sꜢ.j smsw Nḫt jr n H̱tjj r ḥḳꜢ Jnpwt r jwꜤt jt mwt.f sḫpr(.w) m smr wꜤtj dj.w r ḥꜢt nt tꜢ ŠmꜤw djw n.f ṯnw sꜤḥ jn ḥm n Ḥr S[šmw tꜢwj nbtj] SḫꜤ mꜢꜤt [Ḥr- nbw Nṯrw-ḥtp(.w) nswt-bjtj ḪꜤ-ḫpr-RꜤ sꜢ-RꜤ S-n-Wsrt dj Ꜥnḫ ḏd wꜢs] mj RꜤ ḏt ‘Another favour which was done to me: my eldest son, Nakht, born to Khety, was appointed to (be) ruler of the Jackal nome, to the inheritance of the father of his mother, he being made a sole companion and placed at the foremost of Upper Egypt; every dignity was bestowed on him by the majesty of Horus [Leader of the two lands, the two ladies] Who make justice appear, [the golden Horus Gods are satisfied, the king of Upper and Lower Egypt Khakheperre, the son of Re Senwosret (II), given life, stability and dominion] like Re for ever’.

(131-143) jr[.f mnw.f m]Jnpwt m smnḫ gmt.n.f wš(.tj) jṯt.n njwt m snwt.s rdj(.w) rḫ.f tꜢš.f r ḫdt sjp(.w) r ntt m jswt dj(w) wḏ r tꜢš.f rsj smnḫ(w) mḥtj mj pt smn(.w) ḥr sḫwt nt ḫrww dmḏ(.w) r wḏ 15 smn(.w) ḥr Ꜣḥwt.f mḥtjwt tꜢš.f r WꜢbwt ‘He (the king) made his monument in the Jackal nome by restoring what he found destroyed and what a city had taken away from its neighbour, it being caused that he (Nḫt) knew his boundary according to the land-register, being assigned according to what was in ancient time. A stele was placed at his southern boundary, and the northern was established like heaven, being fixed on the fields of the lowland, totalling 15 stelae, established on his northern fields, his boundary with the Twin-sceptres nome’.

Details

Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, Reign of Amenemhat II (c. 1918-1884 B.C.E.). Egypt, Beni Hassan, Upper Cemetery, Khnumhotep II (Tomb 3), Chapel, West wall, Lower section, Wall. limestone. Relief or Polychrome Paint.

Referencing

Publication

N. Kanawati & L. Evans, Beni Hassan: Volume I: The Tomb of Khnumhotep II (Australian Centre for Egyptology: Reports 36, Aris and Phillips, Oxford, 2014, ISBN: 978-0-85668-846-1), pls. 10a (photograph),

Project Funding

Project funded by the Australian Research Council Discovery Project Scheme: "Measuring meaning in Egyptian art: A new approach to an intractable problem" (DP160102223), held by N. Kanawati (Macquarie University), L. Evans (Macquarie University), A. Woods (Macquarie University) and J. Kamrin (Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York); the Department of Ancient History and Faculty of Arts, Macquarie University.

Rights

Photograph by Effy Alexakis, Photowrite. Recorded and published with permission from the Supreme Council of Antiquities. Copyright original photograph owners, used with the Macquarie University license. All rights reserved, no redistribution of images or content from this site without prior permission (or otherwise compatible with Australian Copyright Fair Dealing).

Data Credits

Compiled by Madeline Jenkins and the Beni Hassan Research Group with resources from the Macquarie University Ancient Cultures Research Centre, and the Australian Centre for Egyptology.

Cite This

Madeline Jenkins "(Auto)biography, lines 121-133, inscription from the tomb of Khnumhotep II at Beni Hassan ." In The Beni Hassan Visual Dictionary: Khnumhotep II, edited by Alexandra Woods, Brian Ballsun-Stanton, and Nicolle Leary. Sydney: Macquarie University, 2018. https://benihassan.com/dictionary/Khnumhotep+II+Tomb+3/Autobiography+lines+121-133+inscription/