(Auto)biography, lines 108-120, inscription from the tomb of Khnumhotep II at Beni Hassan

Egypt, Beni Hassan, Khnumhotep II (Tomb 3), Upper Cemetery, Chapel, West wall.

The (auto)biography of Khnumhotep II is incised on sunk relief below the coloured dado on the lower part of all four walls of the chapel. The (auto)biography begins on the east wall, north of the shrine and runs anti-clockwise, ending on the east wall, south of the shrine. On the south wall between lines 160 and 161 is a small false door carved in bas-relief False door with torus moulding and cavetto cornice. The inscription reads:

(99-113) wr ḥst.j m stp-sꜢ r smr wꜤtj nb ṯn.n.f wj ḫntw sꜤḥw.f dj.kwj ẖr-ḥꜢt wnw ẖr-ḥꜢt.j jꜤb.n ḳnbt nt Ꜥḥ r djt ḥstj ḫftw dhn.j ḫftw ḥswt ḫprt m-bꜢḥ tpt-r nt nswt ḏs.f n ḫpr mjtt n bꜢkw pꜢ.n nb.sn ḥst st ‘Greater was my praise in the palace than that of any sole companion. He (the king) distinguished me over his nobles, I being placed ahead of those who were ahead of me. The council of the palace assembled to give praise in accord with my appointment, in accord with the honours that came to pass in the presence of, and (by) the pronouncement of the king himself. Never had the like happened to servants whom their lord had honoured’.

(113-120) rḫ.n.f st-ns.j nḫ(n) ḳmꜢ.j jw.j m jmꜢḫjj n-ḫr nswt ḥst.j ḫr šnwt.f jmꜢt.j m-bꜢḥ smrw.f jrj-pꜤt ḥꜢtj-Ꜥ Nḥrj sꜢ H̱nmw-ḥtp(.w) nb jmꜢḫ ‘He knew my eloquence (while) my appearance was youthful. I was one honoured before the king, my praise was before his entourage, and my graciousness was in front of his companions; the hereditary prince, the count, Nehri’s son, Khnumhotep, the possessor of veneration’.

Date
Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, Reign of Amenemhat II (c. 1918-1884 BCE).
Location
Egypt, Beni Hassan, Upper Cemetery, Khnumhotep II (Tomb 3), Chapel, West wall, Lower section, Wall.
Medium
limestone.
Technique
Relief or Polychrome Paint.
Parent Context
Data Credits
Compiled by Madeline Jenkins and the Beni Hassan Research Group with resources from the Macquarie University Ancient Cultures Research Centre, and the Australian Centre for Egyptology.
Project Funding
Supported by the Australian Research Council Discovery Project scheme: DP160102223 "Measuring meaning in Egyptian art: A new approach to an intractable problem" held by N. Kanawati (MQ), L. Evans (MQ), A. Woods (MQ) and J. Kamrin (Met), the Macquarie University Department of Ancient History, and the Macquarie University Faculty of Arts.
Original Citation
N. Kanawati & L. Evans, Beni Hassan: Volume I: The Tomb of Khnumhotep II (Australian Centre for Egyptology: Reports 36, Aris and Phillips, Oxford, 2014, ISBN: 978-0-85668-846-1), pls. 09c (photograph),
Rights
Recorded and published with permission from the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities. Photographs by Effy Alexakis as part of research on site. Copyright Macquarie University 2018. All rights reserved.
Cite this
Madeline Jenkins "(Auto)biography, lines 108-120, inscription from the tomb of Khnumhotep II at Beni Hassan ." In The Beni Hassan Visual Dictionary: Khnumhotep II, edited by Alexandra Woods, Brian Ballsun-Stanton, and Nicolle Leary. Sydney: Macquarie University, 2018. https://benihassan.com/dictionary/Khnumhotep+II+Tomb+3/Autobiography+lines+108-120+inscription/