The Beni Hassan Visual Dictionary

A priority of the Beni Hassan @ Macquarie Project is to provide a detailed visual dictionary for all inscribed tombs at Beni Hassan, which draws on published and unpublished material collected by the Macquarie University expedition working at Beni Hassan (2009-present). The Beni Hassan Visual Dictionary contains accessible descriptions of the various themes, scenes, details and architectural features in a tomb, Jsesh transcriptions, transliteration, and translation of the hieroglyphic inscriptions, in addition to high resolution zoomable photographs and line drawings.

The tomb of Khnumhotep II (Tomb 3)

Khnumhotep II served during the reign of pharaohs Amenemhat II and Senwosret II of the 12th Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom period (c. 1918-1884 BCE). He held the titles of 'hereditary prince', 'count', 'count of the town of Menat-Khufu' (an important local settlement near Beni Hassan), 'overseer of the Eastern Desert', 'overseer of priests' as well as priesthoods in a number of temples dedicated to deities such as Horus, Anubis and the lioness goddess Pakhet. The façade of the tomb is cut into the face of the cliff and, alongside the tomb of Amenemhat (Tomb 2), presents a most imposing and dominating symbol of the elite governance that was likely visible from the local settlement. The visual program in the tomb is almost completely intact and retains much of the original vibrant colour and intricate details, which are featured in the entries below.